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Florence Fennel Seeds

Florence Fennel Seeds, Foeniculum vulgare
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Also called "finocchio," Florence Fennel is both an herb and a vegetable, since the bulbs are edible in fall. Like all fennels, this one is highly aromatic and flavorful.

Fennel is a bulb-rooted herb with handsome yellow flowers, similar in appearance to dill bloom. By the end of the growing season, you'll have fully-developed bulbs which can be harvested and cooked as a vegetable.

When and Where to Plant: Plant in early spring or in late June-July so that the plants can mature in cooler fall weather. Spring-sown plants are more likely to bolt so many gardeners will wait until July to seed their fennel and harvest the bulbs in the fall. Fennel seeds should be planted in full sun in a well drained soil. Plant directly into rich soil and keep moist until the first leaves appear. Then keep on the dry side.
Care: When the bulbs are about the size of an egg, pile the soil up around it so it will continue to grow away from the light. You may want to cut off the seed heads when they form to give the bulb more time to grow before harvesting.
Harvesting: 14-16 weeks after sowing. Pull the plants when the base is at least 3" or more in diameter. Make sure to hold onto the bulb as you pull. Cut off all but the top 9" of the fern growth.

Associated SKUs
1FENOZ (1 Ounce)
1FENQP (1/4 Pound)
1FENLB (1 Pound)
Common Name Fennel
Botanical Name Foeniculum vulgare
Planting Depth 1/4 inch
Seed Spacing 2-4 inches
Row Spacing 18-24 inches
Space After Thinning 8-12 inches
Days to Germination 12-18
Days to Harvest 90-115
Ways to Grow Ornamental Edibles
In the Kitchen Drying
Ships As Seed
Neonicotinoid-Free Yes - Learn More
Ships to Hawaii, Alaska & Canada Yes

Most orders ship within 48 hours or less.

As soon as your order is placed you will receive a confirmation email. You will receive a second email the day your order ships telling you how it has been sent. Orders for in-season products ship within 5 business days. Depending upon your order date, we may hold your shipment to combine it with other products on your order, if applicable. See our shipping information page for approximate ship dates and more detailed information. If you need express shipping or have any questions, please call Customer Service toll-free at (877) 309-7333 or contact us by email.

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USDA Hardiness Planting Zones

To determine if a plant is sufficiently cold hardy, the USDA created numbered zones indicating winter low temperatures; the lower the zone number the colder the winter.

  • If the coldest winter temperature expected in your area is -15°F (zone 5) then any plants rated zones 3-5 will survive the winter temperatures in your area.
  • If you live in very warm winter areas (zones 9-11) plants with zones 3-4 ratings are not recommended. The lack of freezing winter temperatures do not provide a time for winter dormancy (rest).

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