When to Plant
Planting Grass Seed in Fall or Spring:
The ideal time to plant grass seed varies by hardiness zone, but is usually in the spring, once temperatures have reached a consistent 60 F and there is no more danger of frost. Grass can be planted through the end of July but no later. If you’re planting in the fall, wait until after there have been a few killing frosts so the seeds you plant will lie dormant until the spring.
Planting as a Cover Crop or Green Manure:
If you’re planting grasses, legumes or clover to replenish nutrients, suppress weeds or more, we recommend planting in early to mid fall. Let the grass grow until frost. Come spring, mow the grass before it goes to seed and then till the soil. Wait 3-6 weeks before planting new crops.
What Plants are Best for Cover Crops?
Clover, Peas, Vetch and Rye Grass.
Planting Rates: How Much Seed Do I Need?
Planting rates, depending on the size of the seed. A larger seed (such as a Fescue) can be seeded at 10lbs/1,000 square feet. A smaller seed (such as a Bluegrass) can be seeded as low as 2lbs/1,000 square feet. To see planting rates for each individual variety, please view the following chart. If you’re still unsure of how much seed to use in your area, please give us a call at (877) 309-7333.
|Variety||Type||Coverage 500 Ft²||Coverage 1000 Ft²|
|Alsike Clover||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Austrian Winter Pea||Cover Crop/Legume||1 LB||1 1/2 LB|
|Blue Grama Grass||Warm Season||2 LB||4 LB|
|Buffalo Grass||Warm Season||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Canada Wild Rye Grass||Cool Season||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Chewings Fescue ||Cool Season||1/2 LB||1 LB|
|Common Vetch||Cover Crop/Legume||1/2 LB||1 LB|
|Creeping Red Fescue||Cool Season||2 LB||4 LB|
|Crimson Clover||Cover Crop/Legume||1/2 LB||1 LB|
|Crown Vetch||Cover Crop/Legume||1/2 LB||1 LB|
|Dutch White Clover||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Hairy Vetch||Cover Crop/Legume||1/2 LB||1 1/4 LB|
|Hard Fescue Grass||Cool Season||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Little Bluestem Grass||Warm Season||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Low Work & Water ||Grass Mixture||5 LB||10 LB|
|Medium Red Clover||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|No Mow Lawn Grass||Grass Mixture||1/4 LB||5 LB|
|Northeast Native Grass||Grass Mixture||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Partridge Pea||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Perennial Rye Grass||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Sheep Fescue||Cool Season ||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Short Grass Seed Mixture||Grass Mixture||1/2 LB||1/2 LB|
|Smooth Bromegrass||Cool Season||1/2 LB||1 LB|
|Southeast Native Grass||Grass Mixture||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Switchgrass Shelter||Warm Season||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Tall Grass Seed Mix||Grass Mixture||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Timothy Grass||Cool Season||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Vernal Alfalfa ||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|White Ladino Clover||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
|Winter Rye Grass||Cover Crop/Legume||2 LB||4 LB|
|Yellow Blossom Clover||Cover Crop/Legume||1/4 LB||1/2 LB|
Preparing the Area for Planting
We recommend leveling the planting area as much as possible to eliminate high or low spots. Till the soil if possible about 4-6 inches deep, as the soil should be loose and clump free before planting. If your area is already somewhat bare and even, we recommend skipping the tilling process as it can promote new weed growth or unwanted grass growth. You can then add a product to help aerate your soil (such as LazyMan Liquid GoldTM) to improve seed germination, but this is not necessary.
Step-by-Step Planting Instructions
After your soil is prepared, apply the seed at the recommended seeded rate. See the back of the this guide for seeding rates. To make sure you’re spreading the seed evenly, scatter 1/2 of the seed walking North to South and 1/2 of the seed walking Easy to West.
If you have poor soil, you could lightly apply an organic fertilizer after seeding, although this is not a necessary step for strong growth.
Many choose to cover their grass seed after planting, even though this is not necessary. If you do choose to cover your seed to help retain moisture and hold the seed in place, we recommend a maximum thickness of 1/4”. You can cover the seed with topsoil, sterilized straw, or peat moss. Coated seeds such as Bermuda and Clover Seeds should not be covered more than an 1/8” deep.
Water gently and regularly, keeping the seeds moist until they begin to sprout. This could mean watering more than once a day if you’re having a dry spell. Once the seeds sprout, water less frequently. This helps to ensure a deep rooted, healthy lawn or meadow.
Do not mow until your lawn is at the recommended height. This information can be found on our website at the specific product page. For most grasses, this is about
3-6 weeks after planting, but could be longer depending on growing conditions. Remember to be gentle when mowing the first few times -- the seedlings will be somewhat tender.
After mowing several times, you can apply an organic fertilizer to promote strong growth, but this is not a necessary step.
It may take weeks or even a month for the seeds to grow. Be patient. If you have any questions about germination time or planting, please don’t hesitate to call us at (877) 309-7333