This multi-flowered wild lily has been common in gardens in Europe since the Renaissance. Called mountain lily' since its native range is mostly alpine, it is one of the hardiest, toughest, and easiest to grow species lilies.
The name 'Turk's Cap' is used to describe any lily with sharply recurved petals that create a sort of 'hanging lantern' shape. It's always been thought to resemble a turban, or 'Turk's cap.' (The common name is applied to a totally different, orange No. American lily too, since it has a similar flower form.)
But 'Lilium martagon' from Europe is the one that has been the ancestor for a whole host of multi-colored hybrids. But forget them. The original can be a true spectacle in your garden.
Compared to other species, this lily has smaller pinkish flowers, but it makes up for the flower size by putting up strong stems with up to (are you ready?) 50 flowers per stalk! Once established, your Martagon Lily can form a huge clump and result in what may be the biggest spectacle in your garden every season.
The Martagon Lily is a must for any wild plant collector's garden.
Like many wildflowers, this species has been over-picked and over-collected in the wild in its native range. You can be assured that our bulbs are nursery-cultivated in Holland.
In the 'A-B-C Combination Photo':
The large photo of a red lily is Star Gazer, the most famous Oriental Hybrid.
Photos A and B are of 'wild' or species lilies. Photo A is the old favorite, orange Tiger Lily, one of the best for wild meadows since it is tough, dependably perennial and will grow in almost any soil. Photo B is the incredibly beautiful Regal Lily, Lilium regale, discovered years ago growing wild in China. It has been used to create a whole new group of hybrids.
Photo C shows how beautifully almost any lily works in a mixed garden or with other flowers in a vase. The stunning yellow bi-colored lily shown with red daylilies and gladiolus is the popular Asiatic Hybrid, 'Grand Cru'.
True lilies (which don't include daylilies and others which are not in the genus Lilium
) are easy to grow today, and more popular every season. Since they are upright and take practically no space at ground level, it's easy to plant lilies between other established perennials and shrubs. Most can also tolerate some shade, which adds versatility for the gardener. There are many lily groups, but to keep it simple, we will consider only a few of the main types that are important to gardeners. Each lily we ship includes complete instructions for planting. So don't hesitate. You can easily bring the spectacular beauty of lily flowers to any summer meadow or garden.
'Wild' Lilies or 'Species' Lilies These are the true wildflowers from the world over. They are the ones all the glamorous hybrids are descended from. We're fortunate to have some of these botanical treasures on our list of lilies this season.
Oriental Hybrid Lilies are the now famous, very fragrant ones with large, flattened flowers such as red Star Gazer and white Casa Blanca. These are the ones now so popular in the floral trade, but are also very easy to grow. They bloom from mid-summer through early fall. Most have very large, outward-facing, fragrant flowers.
Asiatic Hybrid Lilies are today's largest group of garden lilies, quite easy to 'naturalize'. This growing group of lilies was begun by hybridizers in the US, and were first called 'Mid-Century Hybrids.' Compared to Orientals, the Asiatic Hybrid lilies bloom earlier (early to mid summer), the plants are shorter, the flowers a bit smaller, and most blooms are upward-facing and star-shaped. Some of the most famous Asiatic Hybrids are orange 'Enchantment', and the famous red, 'Gran Paradiso.'
Tiger Lilies. This group is led by the famous old orange wild lily, which used to be called Lilium tigrinum. Botanists have changed that to Lilum lancifolium, but that doesn't stop most people (including us) from using the old name 'tigrinum.' From the original orange, the hybridizers have created new colors from white to pink. All have the large flowers, spots, and tough perennial qualities of the original. (By the way, don't call any old spotted orange lily 'tiger lily'. This one is the real thing, and no lily common name is more mis-used.)
Trumpet Lilies Sometimes called 'Aurelian Hybrids' or other names, the large, tall trumpet lilies are all descended from The Regal Lily, a white wild species lily from China. All are incredibly fragrant, and wonderful for cutting. They grow tall, and often need staking, since a well-grown stalk can have over 15 huge flowers.