Preventing Deer Damage in Your Landscape

by Suzanne DeJohn

deer resistant wildflower meadowdeer resistant wildflower meadow
We have formulated a special <a href="/wildflower-seeds/deer-resistant-wildflower-seeds/deer-resistant-wildflower-seed-mix">deer-resistant wildflower seed mix</a> specifically for our gardeners with deer problems.

While most people enjoy seeing deer grazing in a field, they're less amused when “Bambi” walks in and strips a newly planted vegetable garden, wildflower planting or display of beautiful spring tulips. Yet such backyard deer sightings are increasing in frequency across the country.

Steps to Identify Deer Damange

The first step to managing any pest is to positively identify the culprit. If you suspect a deer has been grazing in your garden, look closely at the damaged plants. Foliage and twigs eaten by deer have ragged edges; deer lack upper incisors so they eat by tearing off plant matter. (Rabbits and rodents have upper and lower incisors and leave clean cuts.) Another indication is the height of the damage — deer can reach up 6 feet or more.

What can you do to deter deer? The first step is to understand a little about them.

  • Most deer damage occurs in late fall through early spring, when the animals' natural food sources are scarce.
  • A mature buck consumes between 4 to 10 pounds of food each day, including grass and other plants as well as buds and twigs.
  • Deer are creatures of habit; once they establish pathways or a feeding area it is difficult to deter them.
  • Deer are adaptable and learn quickly. Using a combination of control strategies is usually the most effective way to limit the amount of damage they cause.
  • Although no plant is 100% deer-proof, many plants are generally avoided by deer.

Click here to skip to our list of Deer-Resistant Plants

Three Strategies for Preventing Deer Damage

pink coral peonypink coral peony
<a href="/perennials/peony/peony-coral-charm">Peonies</a> are all generally avoided by deer.

Installing Fences

The only sure-fire way to prevent deer damage is a tall, secure fence. Deer have been known to leap over 7' high fences, so an 8' to 10' fence is necessary for the best control For most homeowners fencing more than a small area isn't an option, both aesthetically and financially.

Applying Repellents

There are several commercially available products reputed to repel deer. Some have an odor that is unpleasant to deer; some have an unpleasant taste. Repellents can be effective in deterring deer, especially if you apply them early in the season before deer have gotten in the habit of eating in your landscape. Of course, many of the repellents used to deter deer are unpleasant to humans, too, so think twice before using them on or near food crops. Some people report success at repelling deer by hanging bars of perfumed soap and/or bags of human hair gathered from your neighborhood hair salon.

Using Scare Devices

Deer are easily startled, so using a motion detector to trigger a sprinkler, trigger flood lights or turn on a radio will work for a short time. However, deer will quickly become accustomed to them, sometimes within as little as a week. Varying the scare devices every week can extend their effectiveness. Be mindful of how the scare devices might affect your neighbors.

Selecting Deer-Resistant Plants

By choosing plants that are unpalatable to deer, you can reduce the amount of damage in your landscape. However, no plant is deer-proof. Hungry deer will eat just about anything. In general, plants that taste bitter or spicy, those with milky sap, thorny plants, and those with hairy or fuzzy leaves are less attractive to deer. Following is a list of plants considered unattractive to deer.


Perennial and Wildflowers 

Artemisia 

Asters 

Astilbe 

Bee Balm 

Bleeding Heart 

Brunnera Butterfly Bush 

Catmint Columbine Clematis 

Coral Bells 

Coreopsis Dianthus 

Echinacea 

Ferns 

Foxglove

Gaillardia 

Geranium

Iris (Bearded, Japanese and Siberian Irises)

 Japanese Forest Grass 

Lavender 

Lenten Rose 

Liatris

Ligularia 

Lily of the Valley

Lupine 

Milkweed 

Monkshood 

Penstemon 

Peony 

Potentilla 

Russian Sage 

Salvia 

Sedum 

Spiderwort 

Veronica 

Wand Flower 

Yarrow

Fall-Planted Bulbs

Allium 

Anemones 

Daffodils 

Fritillaria

Grape Hyacinths 

Scilla 

Spring-Planted Bulbs 

Caladiums 

Callas 

Gladiolus

Wildflowers

 Deer Resistant Wildflower Seed Mix

  1. Deer Resistant Wildflower Seed Mix

    Containing 17 wildflowers that deter deer and other critters, the Deer Resistant Wildflower Mix brings loads of colorful blooms to the landscape. Perennials like Lupine, Gaillardia a...

    Learn More
    Deer Resistant Wildflower Seed Mix Deer Resistant Wildflower Seed Mix
    As low as $10.95
    Per 1/4 Pound
    Containing 17 wildflowers that deter deer and other critters, the Deer Resistant Wildflower Mix brings loads of colorful blooms to the landscape. Perennials like Lupine, Gaillardia and Lance Leaf Coreopsis return and multiply each season, while annual varieties like California Poppy, Zinnia and Scarlet Sage burst into blooms the very first year. Growing well in most regions (zones 1-8), the Deer Resistant Wildflower Mix contains only 100% pure, non-GMO neonicotinoid-free seeds. Guaranteed to grow.
    Learn More
  2. Deer Resistant Wildflower Seed Collection

    Love wildflowers but have hungry deer that tend to snack on your plants? Our Deer Resistant Wildflower Collection is comprised of four different wildflowers, two annuals and two pere...

    Learn More
    Deer Resistant Wildflower Seed Collection Lance Leaf Coreopsis, Blanket Flower or Firewheel, Sweet Alyssum, Zinnia Coreopsis lanceolata, Gaillardia aristata, Lobularia maritima, Zinnia elegans
    $27.95
    Per 1 Pound
    Love wildflowers but have hungry deer that tend to snack on your plants? Our Deer Resistant Wildflower Collection is comprised of four different wildflowers, two annuals and two perennials that deer stay away from. This collection is specially formulated by our wildflower experts to bloom one variety at a time, all season long, filling your garden or meadow with one gorgeous color at a time.
    Learn More
  3. Perennial Lupine Seeds

    A field of Lupine is an amazing sight, with spiky blooms of saturated indigo-blue that last from late spring to summer. Combine them with later-blooming flowers (like Shasta Daisy an...

    Learn More
    Perennial Lupine Seeds Perennial Lupine Lupinus perennis
    As low as $11.95
    Per 1/4 Pound
    A field of Lupine is an amazing sight, with spiky blooms of saturated indigo-blue that last from late spring to summer. Combine them with later-blooming flowers (like Shasta Daisy and Rudbeckia) for an extended season of color. Growing to be about 12-36” tall, Lupine is a great choice for the front of the meadow or garden bed. Extremely easy to grow and deer resistant, this perennial flower blooms year after year. Seeds are 100% pure, non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to grow.
    Learn More
  4. Zinnia Seeds, Zinnia elegans

    Blooming from mid-summer until frost, Zinnias are some of the easiest wildflowers to grow, adding their bright, cheerful color to any sunny spot with enthusiasm. These beloved annua...

    Learn More
    Zinnia Seeds Zinnia Zinnia elegans
    As low as $9.95
    Per 1/4 Pound
    Blooming from mid-summer until frost, Zinnias are some of the easiest wildflowers to grow, adding their bright, cheerful color to any sunny spot with enthusiasm. These beloved annuals are deer resistant, long blooming and very prolific - the more you cut for bouquets, the more flowers your plants will produce. Best of all, they are a monarch butterfly magnet! All of the seed we carry at American Meadows is non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to grow.
    Learn More
© 2019 AmericanMeadows.com All rights reserved