Best Companion Plants for Bearded Iris
"Last August I planted some Bearded Iris in two very different spots on my property - one bed is very formal, and the other is more of a wild & natural look. I chose to plant shades of blue in the formal bed and multiple colors in the natural area and was delighted by how beautiful they looked when they flowered this spring. Now I would like to make them the focal point of these gardens, both of which are quite new. Can you recommend some perennial plants that may complement my Bearded Iris plantings?" - Stacey B., Vineland, New Jersey
Great question! Whenever a question of good companion plants arises, we find it helpful to learn more about your centerpiece plant, in this case, Bearded Iris. What do they need to thrive? Read on to learn what Bearded Iris plants need to thrive, as well as our favorite companion plants that will be happy in similar conditions, for a beautiful and easy-care garden.
All About Bearded Iris
Bearded Iris (Iris germanica) is a member of the genus, Iris, named after the Greek goddess of the rainbow. As the myth goes, when the gods wanted to communicate with humans, they sent Iris, who arrived with golden wings. As she stepped to earth, colorful flowers sprung forth. It’s almost hard to imagine a better name for this kaliedoscopic species! With thousands of colorful combinations, Bearded Iris is one of the most popular garden perennials. With endless choices of color, texture, pattern, and form, this flower opens the doors for garden creativity.
To communicate clearly about Bearded Iris, it’s helpful to know a little nomenclature.
- There are six petals. The three upward reaching petals are called “standards,” and the three petals that drape downwards, are known as the “falls”.
- The most distinguishing feature of Bearded Iris is their fuzzy "beard" located at the upper base of the falls.
- Bearded Iris grow from rhizomes - bulb-like, tuberous roots, with a fan of elegant sword-shaped leaves.
Bearded Iris comes in several size ranges with differing bloom times.
- Miniature Dwarf Bearded Iris are tiny, ranging in size from 5-15 inches tall. These great for a rock garden or border.
- Standard Dwarf Bearded Iris range from 8-16 inches. These are great with later blooming tulips.
- Intermediate and Border Bearded Iris grow from 16-27 inches.
- Tall Bearded Iris grow from 28-48 inches tall. These blooming from late spring to early summer with large flowers.
Actual bloom times will vary, depending on the weather. Each flowering stem will hold several buds that will come into bloom sequentially, usually lasting 3-5 days. Once it is finished, simply snap it off with your fingers to keep a clean look and to keep more flowers coming. After all the buds have bloomed, cut the stem back near ground level.
Reblooming Bearded Iris
Many new hybrid Bearded Iris are offered as rebloomers. This means the Iris will bloom at its usual bloom time in the spring, and then come into bloom again at the end of the season, towards fall. The plant will grow new fans of leaves, putting up fresh flowering stems. It’s important to note that reblooming is not guaranteed and can be affected by location, sunlight and even the weather.
Tips For Happy, Healthy Bearded Iris
If you have Bearded Iris that are growing and blooming happily, it’s probably because they have:
Full sun: 5-7 hours of sun per day, or very light shade.
Rhizomes are planted just a couple of inches below the soil level, leaving some exposed (unless you are in a very hot climate).
Bearded Iris need fertile, well-drained soil.
Give your rhiozomes plenty of room to grow, as these plants will spread and multiply each year.
Bearded Iris are known for being easy-care, long-lasting perennials. They do best with regular doses of compost or a natural fertilizer.
Once established, Bearded Iris are water-thrifty plants, needing only occasional deep watering. Overwatering can cause the rhizomes to rot.
Now that we have covered the best growing conditions for Bearded Iris, we can consider companion plants. Here are some helpful tips to think about:
- If you're using one variety Bearded Iris as a focal point, it will be important to know when it blooms and if it reblooms.
- Choose a selection of flowers that will bloom before, with, and following your Bearded Iris flowers to extend the flowering season in your garden.
- Consider the placement of flowers for a more structured, formal look or a more natural, casual effect.
- Consider the look of plant foliage, as well as plant blooms. Bearded Iris have unique, sword-shaped foliage that brings an elegant texture to the garden.
- Harmonize with similar colors, or contrast with complementary colors.
- We gerenally recommend placing taller plants behind your Bearded Iris, and shorter plants in front.
Our Top Picks For Tall Bearded Iris Companions
Oriental Poppies offer deep clear red flowers -- the one color Bearded Iris do not have. Tall and showy, with similar needs, they are great companions. Use white flowering Oriental Poppies for a calming effect, red for a pop of color, or peach colored flowers for a soft look. They will die back in summer, so plant other perennials in front of them to hide the dying foliage. Plant Oriental Poppy Seeds or Perennial Oriental Poppies (plants available seasonally).
Lupines will help create a lovely wildflower look to your Iris, with tall, colorful stems of long lasting flowers. Lupine are available in both warm and cool colors, with flowers blooming in spring. Plant Lupine Seeds or Lupine Plants (plants available seasonally).
Alliums give a sculptural element to the garden, and are available in several heights, from short to very tall. They are easy to grow and long lasting pollinator favorites. For a formal look, choose Allium of medium height, and plant them in a linear or defined way. In an informal setting, tall Allium planted throughout a perennial garden make great garden features with a whimsical feel. Fall-planted Allium Bulbs are available in pink, blue, white, yellow, or classic purple (bulbs available seasonally).
The lovely tall wands of Larkspur (Delphinium) are excellent choices to grow with Bearded Iris. Shades of purples, blues, pinks, and white offer lovely accompaniment for a late spring display. Plant Rocket Larkspur Seeds or Perennial Delphinium (plants available seasonally).
Baptisia, also known as Indigo, is a great choice in shades of yellows and blues. Try yellow Baptisia with white, gold or blue Iris. Blue flowering Baptisia is lovely with Bearded Iris in blues,purples, or other contrasting colors. Plant Indigo Seeds or Baptisia Plants (available seasonally).
Peonies are one of the most well-known spring blooming perennials. With dark green foliage and blossoms that open to a lush, fragrant, and long lasting flower, Peonies are an excellent Bearded Iris companion. While slow to establish, these long-lived plants will live for decades in the right conditions. See our selection of bareroot Peonies (available seasonally).
Daylilies are an easy-to-grow choice to pair with Bearded Iris. These plants also have long, strappy foliage that help to fill in a garden. Some even rebloom along with the Bearded Iris. See our current selection of Daylilies (available seasonally).
Salvia will add a colorful border to your Iris garden with its colorful, and long lasting flowers that attract a parade of pollinators. Typically available with dark purple or red flowers. In a formal setting, a nice border can be created, if informal, plant them in groups of 3’s or 5’s for a more natural look. Plant Salvia, also known as Sage (plants available seasonally).
More Bearded Iris!
With their wide array of colors, sizes and bloom times, mixing more Bearded Iris into your existing bed can increase the season of blooms with a kaleidoscope of colors, patterns, and textures.
If you have a reblooming variety, remember to add in some late season bloomers like Agastache, Aster, and Salvia.
And, most importantly, have fun! Experiment – sometimes it’s important to break the rules. Pay attention to the foliage, too. Bearded Iris adds a beautiful vertical element to your garden with its upright foliage.
Shop Bearded Iris
Tall, dark, and handsome, ‚Señor Jinx‚ Bearded Iris will enchant you with velvety black blooms. Emerging in mid-spring, upper petals show just a hint of purple above ...Learn MoreSenor Jinx Bearded Iris Senor Jinx Bearded Iris Iris germanica 'Senor Jinx'$9.32 Sale $6.99Per Bag of 1Tall, dark, and handsome, 'Señor Jinx' Bearded Iris will enchant you with velvety black blooms. Emerging in mid-spring, upper petals show just a hint of purple above the opulent coal-black falls. 'Señor Jinx' holds up to seven ruffled flowers per stem, each with a bright yellow beard to draw your eye into the ruffles. Upright lancelike foliage adds texture to beds and borders for low-maintenance beauty. (Iris germanica)
Award-winning ‘Center Line’ Bearded Iris is perfectly tailored to the traditional cottage garden. A gentle mass of pastel pink frills is dramatically accented by a strong...Learn MoreCenter Line Bearded Iris Center Line Bearded Iris Iris germanica 'Center Line'$9.32 Sale $6.99Per Bag of 1Award-winning ‘Center Line’ Bearded Iris is perfectly tailored to the traditional cottage garden. A gentle mass of pastel pink frills is dramatically accented by a strong orange beard and deep violet veining on the falls. Though the cultivar is relatively new, ‘Center Line’ imparts a timelessness and fragrance to the sunny, mid-spring garden that speaks of wide porches and warm days. (Iris germanica)
The silky, elegant flowers of ‘Twist of Sheree’ Reblooming Bearded Iris will bloom first in mid-spring, and again at summer’s end, contrasting nicely with your spri...Learn MoreTwist of Sheree Reblooming Bearded Iris Twist of Sheree Reblooming Bearded Iris Iris germanica 'Twist of Sheree'$11.99 Sale $8.99Per Bag of 1The silky, elegant flowers of ‘Twist of Sheree’ Reblooming Bearded Iris will bloom first in mid-spring, and again at summer’s end, contrasting nicely with your spring and summer favorites. Bright white standards have a gentle wash of lavender and lemon, set off by the ruffled, deep burgundy-plum falls. Easy to grow and deer and rabbit resistant, it will naturalize when happy, and is pollinator friendly. Great for cut flower bouquets as well! (Iris germanica)
Escape to a garden of decadence and drama with our Midnight Gold Bearded Iris Collection. The large, beautiful blooms showcase saturated purple, rich velvety violet, and inky nearly ...Learn MoreMidnight Gold Bearded Iris Collection Midnight Gold Bearded Iris Collection Iris germanica$49.32 Sale $36.99Per Collection of 5Escape to a garden of decadence and drama with our Midnight Gold Bearded Iris Collection. The large, beautiful blooms showcase saturated purple, rich velvety violet, and inky nearly black petals. Glimmers of soft gold light up the collection, with highlights on the variegated foliage like shooting stars. Collection of 5 plants. (Iris germanica)