How To Plant Bare Root And Potted Perennials

Here are step-by-step instructions for planting bareroot and potted perennial plants. If you have any questions, please contact us!


Watch: How To Plant Perennials

 

 

Preparing the Soil

  • Most perennials prefer well-drained soil; soggy soil will lead to rot. If your soil is wet, consider planting in raised beds.
  • For best results, take some time to prepare the planting site.
  • Loosen the soil to a depth of at least 8 inches to make it easier for roots to spread.
  • You may want to mix some compost into the planting bed to help improve drainage. You can also add some granular, slow-release fertilizer at this time. Do not use lawn fertilizer, or add more than the amount recommended on the package - this can inhibit flowering.

Right Plant, Right Place

  • For Full Sun plants, select a spot that gets at least 6 hours of sun per day.
  • Half Sun plants prefer about 2 hours of direct sun, or dappled sun all day.
  • Shade plants, like most of our Woodland Wildflowers and Ferns, require moist, rich soil and Half Sun to Full Shade. (In regions with hot, sunny summers plant in Full Shade.)

Jump To:   How To Plant Bareroot Perennials   |   How To Plant Potted Perennials   |   Information On Individual Perennial Species

 

How To Plant Bareroot Perennials

 

 

When Your Plants Arrive

  • Open the box immediately to check plants.
  • Bareroot plants arrive in a dormant state, ready to grow once they're planted.
  • Plant as soon as possible after you receive your plants. If you must store bareroots before planting, keep them in a cool room and protect them from freezing.

Planting Bareroot Perennials

  1. Remove and discard the packing material that surrounds the roots.
  2. Place the roots in a container of tepid water while you’re preparing the planting hole, or for up to an hour before planting.
  3. Examine the roots to determine the approximate width and depth of the planting hole you’ll need. Unless otherwise noted, set the plant so the crown — the point where the stems and leaves meet the roots — sits about an inch below the soil surface (see image below).
  4. If you are unsure which end is up, look closely for buds or remnants of stems that indicate the top of the plant. If you’re still unsure, set the roots on their side. The plant will know which way to grow.
  5. Dig a hole in the prepared soil to the necessary width and depth.
  6. Set the bareroot plant in the hole, spreading out the roots. Holding the plant with one hand, use the other to add soil around and in between the roots, firming it gently to eliminate air pockets. Adjust the planting depth if necessary.
  7. Water the soil thoroughly, using a gentle flow to prevent soil from washing away.
planting sketchplanting sketch

How To Plant Potted Perennials

 

When Your Potted Plants Arrive

  • Open the box immediately to check plants.
  • Water potted plants if the soil is dry.
  • Some of your potted plants may have green growth, some may not, depending on the lifecycle of your plant and the time of year it was shipped. If you don't see any leaves, that means the plant is dormant; look for healthy white roots to know the plant is ready to grow in your garden. 
  • Dormant potted perennials: plant as soon as possible after they arrive.
  • For plants that have new leafy growth: wait to plant until after the last frost date to plant to protect green growth.
  • If you must store plants before planting, keep them in a cool room where they get some indirect sun through a window. Protect them from freezing, and keep the soil moist but not soggy.

Planting Potted Perennials

planting sketchplanting sketch

 

1. Dig a hole as deep and a little wider than the pot. Most perennials should be planted at the same depth as they are in their containers.

removing plantremoving plant

 

2. Carefully remove the plant from its pot by holding one hand over the soil and tapping the bottom of the pot. Squeezing the pot can help loosen the root ball from the pot. Don't pull on the plant or you may damage the stem.

planting sketchplanting sketch

 

3. Place the root ball into the planting hole, doublechecking to be sure that the top of the root ball is even with the soil surface. Then backfill the hole with soil, gently firming it as you go.

planting sketchplanting sketch

 

4. Water the soil thoroughly. 

5. Apply a 2" deep layer of mulch around the plant to help maintain soil moisture and control weeds. Keep the mulch a few inches away from the plant stem to prevent rot.


Ongoing Care For Perennials

  • Apply water as necessary to keep soil moist but not soaking wet. Even drought-tolerant plants need to be watered weekly until their roots get established.
  • Apply a 2" to 3" layer of organic mulch, like shredded bark or pine straw, after planting to help conserve soil moisture and prevent weeds. Keep the mulch a few inches away from plant stems to prevent rot.
  • Be patient; it may take weeks or even a month for the new growth to emerge from the soil. How quickly the plant grows depends on a number of factors, including the type of plant, degree of dormancy and temperature of the soil.
  • “Deadhead” flowering plants by removing spent flowers. This encourages the plant to produce more blooms; it also helps bulbs to replenish the energy stored in their bulbs/roots.
  • Tall, top-heavy plants may need staking or another type of support to keep them from falling over from the weight of the flowers. 

 

Click on the following plant types for specific instructions and links to additional information!

Information On Individual Perennial Species

African Lily or Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus)

Height: 32-36"
Zone: 7-10
Light: Full Sun to Half Sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24"
See more information

Ajuga (Bugleweed)

Height: 4-6"
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun or full shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in. 
Spacing: Up to 36"
See more information

Artemisia

Height: 12-18"
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in. 
Spacing: 15-18"
See more information

Asparagus

Height: 36-48" 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full Sun to Half Sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 5-6" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24"
See more information

Aster

Height: 8-24" depending on variety
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Astilbe (False Spirea)

Height: 12-48" depending on variety
Zone: 3-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-48" depending on variety
See more information

Balloon Flower (Platycodon)

Height: 8-24" depending on variety
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Baptisia (False Indigo)

Height: 36-60"
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in. 
Spacing: 24-60"
See more information

Bee Balm (Monarda)

Height: 12-60" depending on variety
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-36" depending on variety
See more information

Bellflower (Campanula)

Height: 4-25" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-30" depending on variety
See more information

Bellwort or Merrybells (Uvularia grandiflora)

Height: 12-14" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line. 
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Black Cohosh or American Bugbane (Actaea racemosa or Cimicifuga racemosa)

Height: 48-96" 
Zone: 3-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line. 
Spacing: 24-48"
See more information

Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia)

Height: 18-42", depending on variety
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Blackberry (Rubus)

Height: 48-72"
Zone: 5-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Keep the top of the root ball even with soil surface. 
Spacing: 36-48"
See more information

Blackberry Lily (Belamcanda chinensis)

Height: 24-30"
Zone: 5-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line. 
Spacing: 16-20"
See more information

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra)

Height: 10-36", depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 10-30" depending on variety
See more information

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

Height: 6-9"
Zone: 3-7
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 3-6"
See more information

Blue Star Flower (Amsonia)

Height: 12-36" depending on variety
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 18-36" depending on variety
See more information

Blueberry (Vaccinium)

Height: 4-6' depending on variety
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Keep the top of the root ball even with soil surface.
Spacing: 36-96" depending on variety
See more information

Brunnera

Height: 12-16"
Zone: 3-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Butterfly Bush (Buddleia)

Height: 24-72" depending on variety
Zone: 5-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 24-72" depending on variety
See more information

Butterfly Weed (Asclepsias)

Height: 24-48", depending on variety
Zone: 4-10
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-36"
See more information

Cardinal Flower (Lobelia)

Height: 24-48", depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Catmint (Nepeta)

Height: 24-36"
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 24-36"
See more information

Clematis

Height: 4-20' depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 15-180" depending on variety
See more information

Columbine (Aquilegia)

Height: 6-30" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-24"
See more information

Coral Bells (Heuchera)

Height: 10-30" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 8-20" depending on variety
See more information

Coreopsis (Tickseed)

Height: 10-24" depending on variety
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-30" depending on variety
See more information

Creeping Wintergreen or Checkerberry (Gaultheria procumbens)

Height: 12-4"
Zone: 3-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-16"
See more information

Daisy, Painted (Pyrethrum or Tanacetum coccineum)

Height: 8-20"
Zone: 3-7
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 16-20"
See more information

Daisy, Shasta (Chrysanthemum or Leucanthemum)

Height: 12-36" depending on variety 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 16-36" depending on variety
See more information

Daylily (Hemerocallis)

Height: 12-36" depending on variety 
Zone: 2-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-36" depending on variety
See more information

Delphinium (Larkspur)

Height: 12-60" depending on variety 
Zone: 3-7
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-23" depending on variety
See more information

Dianthus

Height: 4-18" depending on variety 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 4-12" depending on variety
See more information

Echinacea (Coneflower)

Height: 12-36" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-30" depending on variety
See more information

Echinops (Globe Thistle)

Height: 42-46" 
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24"
See more information

English Ivy (Hedera)

Height: 4-6"
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun or full shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: Up to 8 feet
See more information

Ferns

Height: 8-36" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9 depending on variety
Light: Full sun to full shade depenging on variety
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 18-96" depending on variety
See more information

Flowering Spurge (Euphorbia)

Height: 12-18"
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Forsythia

Height: 48-60"
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 36-48"
See more information

Foxglove (Digitalis)

Height: 24-48" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)

Height: 12-24"
Zone: 3-10 depending on variety
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Gentian (Gentiana)

Height: 24-30"
Zone: 4-7
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Geranium (Crane's Bill)

Height: 6-36" depending on variety
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 8-36" depending on variety
See more information

Grape (Vitus)

Height: 8-10' 
Zone: 4-7
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 8-10'
See more information

Ornamental Grass

Height: 6-120" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9 depending on variety
Light: Full sun to full shade depending on variety
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 6-72" depending on variety
See more information

Hens and Chicks (Sempervivum)

Height: 3-6"
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 6-15"
See more information

Hibiscus

Height: 36-60"
Zone: 4-10
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 24-48"
See more information

Hollyhock (Alcea rosea)

Height: 24-84" depending on variety
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-30"
See more information

Honeysuckle Vine (Lonicera)

Height: 4-18 feet depending on variety
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: Up to 12 feet
See more information

Hosta (Plantain Lily)

Height: 10-48" depending on variety
Zone: 3-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-108" depending on variety
See more information

Hydrangea

Height: 30-96" depending on variety
Zone: 4-10 depending on variety
Light: Full sun to full shade depending on variety
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 36-72" depending on variety
See more information

Iris, Bearded (Iris germanica)

Height: 20-39" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Iris should be planted so the tops of the rhizomes are exposed and the roots are spread out facing downwards in the soil. Make sure not to plant the rhizomes too deep.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Iris, Dwarf Crested (Iris cristata)

Height: 6-10"
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 6-12"
See more information

Iris, Japanese (Iris ensata)

Height: 24-36" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-30"
See more information

Iris, Louisiana (Iris louisiana)

Height: 28-36" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-36"
See more information

Iris, Siberian (Iris siberica)

Height: 22-40" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-30"
See more information

Jack in the Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Height: 20-24"
Zone: 4-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla mollis)

Height: 12-18"
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24"
See more information

Lamium (Dead Nettle)

Height: 4-8"
Zone: 4-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-24"
See more information

Lavender (Lavandula)

Height: 12-20" depending on variety
Zone: 5-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 8-24" depending on variety
See more information

Lenten Rose (Hellebourus)

Height: 12-18" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Liatris (Blazing Star or Gayfeather)

Height: 36-48"
Zone: 2-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Ligularia (Golden Ray)
Height: 5-6'
Zone: 4-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 24-36"
See more information
 
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)

Height: 6-8" 
Zone: 2-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Lungwort (Pulmonaria)

Height: 8-14" 
Zone: 3-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Lupine (Lupinus)

Height: 18-24" 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 15-18"
See more information

Mallow (Malva)

Height: 24-48" 
Zone: 6-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 18-24"
See more information

Masterwort (Astrantia major)

Height: 24-28" 
Zone: 4-7
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 16-18"
See more information

Monkshood, Common (Aconitum napellus)

Height: 36-42" 
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Pachysandra (Japanese Spurge)

Height: 6-12"
Zone: 5-8 
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: Up to 18"
See more information

Passion Vine (Passiflora caerulea)

Height: Up to 10 feet
Zone: 6-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: Up to 10 feet
See more information

Penstemon (Penstemon digitalis)

Height: 26-30" 
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18" 
See more information

Peony (Paeonia)

Height: 22-38" depending on variety
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Plant the roots 1" to 2" below soil level with the eyes (buds) pointing up.
Spacing: 20-36"
See more information

Phlox, Creeping

Height: 4-6"
Zone: 2-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18" 
See more information

Phlox, Tall

Height: 12-40" depending on variety
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-36" 
See more information

Poppy, Oriental (Papaver orientale)

Height: 32-36" 
Zone: 2-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 15-18" 
See more information

Potentilla (Cinquefoil)

Height: 12-24" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24" 
See more information

Prunella (Selfheal)

Height: 6-8" 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 18-24" 
See more information

Raspberry (Rubus)

Height: 12-24"
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Keep the top of the root ball even with soil surface.
Spacing: 24" 
See more information

Red Hot Poker or Torch Lily (Kniphofia)

Height: 40-48" 
Zone: 6-10
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 24-36" 
See more information

Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)

Height: 36-48" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 24-30" 
See more information

Salvia (Sage)

Height: 16-30" 
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Scabiosa columbaria (Pincushion Flower)

Height: 12-18" 
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18"
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Sedum (Stonecrop)

Height: 3-24" depending on variety
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in..
Spacing: 8-24" depending on variety
See more information

Shooting Star (Dodecatheon meadia)

Height: 10-12" 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 10-12"
See more information

Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum multiflorum)

Height: 18-24" 
Zone: 3-9
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
See more information

Spiderwort (Tradescantia)

Height: 12-18" 
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-20"
See more information

Strawberry (Fragaria)

Height: 8-10" 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24"
See more information

Toad Lily (Tricyrtis)

Height: 12-30" depending on variety
Zone: 4-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-24"
See more information

Thyme, Creeping (Thymus praecox)

Height: 4-6" 
Zone: 5-8
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18" 
See more information

Trailing Arbutus or Mayflower (Epigaea repens)
Height: 6-14" 
Zone: 3-7
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: Up to 24" 
See more information
 
Trillium

Height: 8-14" 
Zone: 4-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12" 
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Trumpet Vine (Campsis radicans)

Height: 10-30 feet
Zone: 4-10
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-20 feet
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Veronica (Speedwell)

Height: 12-18" 
Zone: 3-8
Light: Full Sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.

Vinca, Periwinkle or Creeping Myrtle (Vinca minor)

Height: 4-6" 
Zone: 4-9
Light: Full sun to half sun/half shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 18-24"

Viola (Violet)

Height: 3-6" 
Zone: 2-7
Light: Half Sun/Half Shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 4-6"
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Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)

Height: 18-24" 
Zone: 3-8
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 18-24"
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Wand Flower (Gaura lindheimeri)

Height: 12-18" 
Zone: 5-9
Light: Full sun to part shade
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 12-18"
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Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)

Height: 6-12" 
Zone: 4-7
Light: Part sun to full shade
Planting depth: Plant so that the top of the root is 1" below the soil line.
Spacing: 12-18"
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Yarrow (Achillea)

Height: 18-28" 
Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun
Planting depth: Crown of plant should rest just at or above the soil surface after watering in.
Spacing: 10-24"
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